Ruixing MFG - Custom CNC Machined Parts Manufacturer & Supplier For 18 Years

An In-Depth Look at Nitriding Treatment in CNC Machining


1. Deciphering Nitriding Treatment:

Nitriding, a thermochemical process, introduces nitrogen into a material's surface layer. This controlled process, often conducted in an ammonia-rich atmosphere at elevated temperatures, transforms the material's properties by forming nitrides.

An In-Depth Look at Nitriding Treatment in CNC Machining 1

2. Nitriding Variants in CNC Machining:

Various nitriding methods are employed in CNC machining, including gas nitriding, salt bath nitriding, and plasma nitriding. Gas nitriding exposes the material to an ammonia-rich atmosphere, while salt bath nitriding immerses it in a nitrogen-rich compound. Plasma nitriding utilizes a low-pressure plasma environment for nitrogen infusion.


3. Effects of Nitriding on Material Characteristics:

- Hardness:

Nitriding significantly enhances material surface hardness by forming nitrides. This improvement renders materials more resistant to wear, abrasion, and deformation.


- Wear Resistance:

The formation of a hard, wear-resistant surface layer during nitriding boosts the material's resilience against friction, erosion, and surface fatigue.


- Fatigue Strength:

Nitriding treatment contributes to increased fatigue strength, inhibiting crack propagation and enhancing the material's resistance to cyclic loading and stress.


- Corrosion Resistance:

Certain nitriding types, like salt bath nitriding, enhance corrosion resistance by creating a protective nitride layer on the material's surface.


- Dimensional Stability:

Nitriding minimizes dimensional changes, countering tensile stresses that often lead to material distortion or warping.


- Friction Coefficient:

Nitriding reduces the friction coefficient, improving lubricity and reducing frictional losses—beneficial in applications requiring low friction.

An In-Depth Look at Nitriding Treatment in CNC Machining 2

4. Materials Undergoing Nitriding Treatment:

- Steel:

i. AISI 4140:

Used in high-stress applications, nitriding enhances AISI 4140's surface hardness and wear resistance.


ii. AISI 4340:

In aerospace and automotive applications, nitriding improves AISI 4340's hardness, wear resistance, and fatigue strength.


iii. AISI 316:

Widely used for corrosion resistance, nitriding AISI 316 maintains its corrosion properties while enhancing hardness and wear resistance.


- Tool Steels:

i. H13:

Applied in die-casting and forging, nitriding improves H13's hardness, wear resistance, and thermal fatigue properties.


ii. D2:

Used for cutting and forming, nitriding enhances D2's wear resistance and hardness.


- Cast Iron:

i. G25:

Used for its machinability and wear resistance, G25 cast iron benefits from nitriding by improving hardness and wear resistance.


ii. GGG40:

Ductile cast iron with good strength, nitriding enhances GGG40's surface hardness and wear resistance.


iii. G17CrMo5-5:

Heat-resistant cast iron, nitriding improves G17CrMo5-5's surface properties for elevated temperature and wear applications.

Enhancing Adhesion in CNC Machined Parts: Surface Treatment for Spraying Coatings
The Significance of Chromate Conversion Coating in Aluminum CNC Machining
recommended for you
no data
Ruixing MFG - Custom CNC Machined Parts Manufacturer Since 2005
Contact Us
1st Floor, Building A, No.116 Yongfu Road, FuHai, BaoAn, Shenzhen, China,518103
Copyright © 2024 Shenzhen Ruixing Precision MFG - ruixing-mfg.com | Sitemap | Privacy Notice
Customer service